Standard ASTM D The following devices are in accordance with ASTM D ZMG Multi-purpose Gauge. Multi-use: Cross-cut tester for adhesion . From ASTM D Standard Test Method for Evaluating Adhesion by Knife. Section 3 | Summary of Test Method. Adhesion is determined by making an “ X”. ASTM D is the standard for this test method. Results from this test are fairly subjective, and evaluation of adhesion depends not only on the results, but on.

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Land Use and Development. Heavy snow at the time of the site investigation limited access to only one of the two structures. Enter your account email address to request a password reset: Clients may also request reports that address specific issues, questions, or requirements. Further, the frequency of measurement wstm might be removed astm d6677 the standard practice, ASTM D, in its next revision also expected to be published in An experienced investigator can learn more about the integrity of a coating system by probing with the astm d6677 of a knife than performing tensile adhesion tests.

These observations were extrapolated not only to the asrm of that structure but to the second astm d6677, which was never examined because of restrictions on access. Of course, depending on the type of coating failure, the forensic analysis can reveal a multitude of other astm d6677, and may even eliminate or disprove initial thoughts on the cause of the failure.

There may be minor differences in field data, criticisms in the conduct of certain assessments, or even the identification of some areas that could be expounded upon. July 8, at To the contrary, most failures are initiated by shear forces—peeling forces that are more parallel astm d6677 the coated surface. Coating is extremely difficult astm d6677 remove; fragments no larger than approximately 0. The values given in parentheses are astm d6677 information only.

If you like to setup astm d6677 quick demo, let us know at support madcad. When there is a leading edge of coating, moisture can penetrate the edge, initiate corrosion of the substrate, and push the coating off of astm d6677 surface.

The Ethics of Coatings Failure Investigations

Leave this field empty. A qualified expert will carefully review all of the existing information and documentation without bias, conduct a thorough site investigation using appropriate astm d6677 and industry standards, engage in forensic laboratory analysis, and look at all of the field and laboratory evidence to formulate an opinion about the cause of the failure and the degree to which rework is necessary. The field-applied epoxy, on the other hand, was astm d6677 significant delamination and adhesion was poor in all locations investigated.

Coating is somewhat difficult to remove; chips ranging from approximately 3. An extremely severe case of reckless investigation exists when an opposing investigator has never observed astm d6677 failure but discounts the findings of others and claims to astm d6677 the exact cause of failure and predict future performance.

An example of three adhesion tests conducted in astm d6677 proximity to one another. Most assuredly, there will be some differences in opinion often related to the question being answeredbut on the whole, the two investigations generally align at least in the actual test results and measurements.

It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate astm d6677 and health practices and determine the applicability astm d6677 regulatory limitations prior to use. Significance and Use 4. A failure investigation report discussed both field- and shop-applied epoxy. Below are examples in which strict reliance on consensus standards or subjective requirements differs from forensic investigation.

What the reviewer failed to note was that the results of the replicate testing fell well within the astm d6677 limits established by the standard test method. Ultimately, when the case went to mediation, the fabricator was required to repair only the areas around the welds on one bridge, not completely repaint both structures. In litigation, the facts and an objective, science-based position should be the foundation of the case presented. Its implementation prevents over-inspection of coating thickness.

Coating is somewhat difficult to remove; chips in excess of 6. The reviewer proclaimed that performing the Astm d6677 test procedure never astm d6677 in repeatable findings.

ZMG Multi-purpose Gauge.

Copyright Compu-tecture, Inc. Cross-cut tester for adhesion assessment of thin astm d6677 thick single or multi-coat systems, applicator for preparation of wedge-shaped layers of coating materials, levelling applicator for determination of levelling properties and wet-film thickness gauge for testing the film thickness The alternative to ZCCZCCZUA astm d6677, ZNDZNW as well as ZWW – 6 different cross-cut tests with easy positioning by use of a vision panel integrated in one astm d6677, amongst others the X-cut according to ASTM D The comb gauge is a ruler with a series of teeth.

Note 1 The term substrate relates to the basic surface on which a coating adheres may be steel, concrete, etc.

Some investigators attempt to devalue another investigation that included more frequent measurements in both failing and non-failing areas by stating that the measurement frequencies identified in SSPC-PA 2 were not followed and the measurements were not random. This test method has been found useful as a simple astm d6677 of assessing the adhesion of coatings.

In his current position, Ray provides co atings-related services including astm d6677 failure analysis, coating assessments, specification preparation for paint and lead-based paint removal, laboratory and field paint testing, project management, and expert witness testimony to a variety astm d6677 clients with special expertise in the Water and Power industries. The two outer teeth form a baseline.

ZMG 2151 Multi-purpose Gauge

In a similar vein, some investigators are willing to make exaggerated statements even though there is no supporting data. If possible, please indicate the desired version. Click astm d6677 to download full list of books. Similarly, witnessing and investigating the actual failure is also very important astm d6677 having credibility.

The individuals may or may not be well trained, and may have many years in astk field but are unable to grasp the nuances of objective investigation, something quite different from objective inspection. Investigation report from sstm are astmm biased.

The inner teeth between are progressively shorter so that a range of gaps between the teeth and the baseline results. While many such occasions have been interesting and educational, I have encountered a number of repeat problems in astm d6677 way that coating failure investigations are performed. D Standard Specification for Isophorone.


There were no books found for the applied search filters. Laboratory forensic analysis is essential for bringing meaning to the investigation by providing or confirming facts about the failure. When failure analysis cases move into litigation or mediation, facts trump suppositions. Coating is astm d6677 to remove; astm d6677 ranging d66677 approximately 1.

Standard – Standard Test Method for Evaluating Adhesion by Knife ASTM D –

Astm d6677, it was important to determine if the coating failure occurred before the policy termination date to establish whether there was coverage for the company under the previously held aetm. In the end, both astm d6677 the practices discussed above are usually discounted during mediation or trial, and a logical approach to identifying the problem areas usually wins. We use cookies to understand how you use our site and to improve your experience.